[244] In June 2016, he travelled to Silicon Valley and met key people in the US high tech industry, including Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg. ", "Saudis' Image Makers: A Troll Army and a Twitter Insider", "Saudi 'Mr. [184] The meeting included Joel Zamel, an Israeli specialist in social media manipulation, Lebanese-American businessman George Nader, and Blackwater founder Erik Prince. [27], Mohammed bin Salman Al Saud was born on 31 August 1985. Mohammed bin Salman, principe ereditario in Arabia Saudita: patrimonio alle stelle Mohammed bin Salman , conosciuto semplicemente come MBS è l’erede del regno di Arabia Saudita. These were consistent with an economy built on oil sales, but industrialization requires a dynamic culture with social relations constantly shifting. [187] Kushner also inquired as to how the U.S. could support Prince Mohammed in the succession process. [242], In 2015, he purchased the Italian-built and Bermuda-registered yacht Serene from Russian vodka tycoon Yuri Shefler for €500 million. According to forensic investigation, The Washington Post owner's phone was targeted with the malware containing video message months before the murder of Jamal Khashoggi, a Saudi dissident critical of the government and a journalist/writer employed with The Post at the time of the hack. [36], In October 2011, Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz died, and the current King Salman began his ascent to power by becoming Second Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Defence in November 2011. Khashoggi." [45] In March 2015, Saudi Arabia began leading a coalition of countries allied against the Houthi rebels. It's been young Saudis, particularly younger Saudi men in the street". [222][223][224] The prince denied in an interview with CBS' 60 Minutes, aired on 29 September 2019, any personal involvement in the killing of Jamal Khashoggi, adding that "once charges are proven against someone, regardless of their rank, it will be taken to court, no exception made", but said that he had to take "full responsibility for what happened". ", "Saudi Arabia: Arrest of two prominent activists a deadly blow for human rights", "Saudi security forces clamp down on dissent", "Saudi Prosecutor Says 17 Detained in Case Against Activists", "Saudi police arrest three more women's rights activists", "Saudi Arabia releases eight people held in activist crackdown", "Dr Hatoon Ajwad al-Fassi هتون أجواد الفاسي", "Prominent Saudi women's rights activist detained as driving ban lifted: sources", "Saudis arrest another women's right activist", "Saudi Arabia seeks death penalty against female human rights activist", "Saudi Arabia 'seeks death penalty for woman activist, "Saudi Prosecution Seeks Death Penalty for Female Activist", "Who Is Israa al-Ghomgham? [204][205], Prince Mohammed has denied any involvement in the murder and blamed the assassination on rogue operators. Although Salman, since he became the Saudi monarch in January 2015, has twice dismissed/forced out two other crown princes — Prince Muqrin (in April 2015) and Prince Mohammed bin … Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman has been pushing for greater diversification of Saudi Arabia’s oil-reliant economy though the Vision 2030 strategy. [37], In June 2012, Crown Prince Nayef bin Abdulaziz Al Saud died and Prince Mohammed bin Salman moved up into the number two position in the hierarchy, as his father became the new crown prince and first deputy prime minister. As he recounts it, “more than 90% of young people in Saudi Arabia between the ages of 18 and 24 endorse the crown prince’s leadership.” In terms of journalistic accuracy, Ziabari should have written “endorsed” in the past tense. [43][44], In Yemen, the political unrest (which began escalating in 2011) rapidly became a major issue for the newly appointed minister of defence, with Houthis taking control of northern Yemen in late 2014, followed by President Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi and his cabinet's resignation. "[93], In November 2017, Mohammed bin Salman forced the Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri to resign when he visited Saudi Arabia. [105], In October 2018, Mohammed bin Salman announced that the Public Investment Fund of Saudi Arabia’s assets were approaching $400 billion and would pass $600 billion by 2020. Walid also tweeted that Loujain refused the offer proposed by Saudi authorities and “immediately ripped the document”. He is currently serving as the country's deputy prime minister[6] (the title of prime minister being held by the king) and is also Chairman of the Council for Economic and Development Affairs, Chairman of the Council of Political and Security Affairs, and Minister of Defence – the world's youngest at the time of his appointment. [247][248][249][250] This report has been denied by the auctioneer Christie's, the Embassy of Saudi Arabia,[251] and the Government of the United Arab Emirates, which has announced that it is the actual owner of the painting. [165], Prince Mohammed is considered the architect of the war in Yemen. Il 15 dicembre 2009 il principe Moḥammad è entrato in politica come consigliere speciale di suo padre quando quest'ultimo era governatore della provincia di Riyad. ", Saudi princes among dozens detained in anti-corruption purge, "What the royal purge means for Saudi Arabia — and its oil", "Saudi Arabia 'at a crossroads': What the arrests of several princes mean for the kingdom's future", "The Saudi purge: The real reason behind Mohammed bin Salman's unprecedented crackdown", "Inside the Arrest of Saudi Arabia's Alwaleed bin Talal", "Arab Youth Survey 2018: Saudi Crown Prince and his reforms win huge support from young people across the Middle East", "Saudi crackdown 'would be like' the US arresting Warren Buffett", "Donald J. Trump on Twitter: "I have great confidence in King Salman and the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, they know exactly what they are doing. Saudi Arabia persuaded OPEC to do the same. The National. SHARE. He deposed the next in line to the throne, Prince Mohammed bin … [136], On 27 April 2020 the Human Rights Commission of Saudi Arabia reported the enactment of a royal decree abolishing death penalty for crimes committed by minors. [174] Following the Houthi missile attack against Riyadh in December 2017, which was intercepted by Saudi air defence,[175] Mohammed Bin Salman retaliated with a ten-day barrage of indiscriminate airstrikes against civilian areas in Yemen held by Houthi forces, killing dozens of children. Mohammed bin Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (Arabic: محمد بن سلمان بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود‎, romanized: Muḥammad bin Salmān bin ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Su‘ūd; born 31 August 1985),[1][2][3] colloquially known as MBS,[4][5] is the Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia. In 2014, Mohammed bin Salman’s uncle, King Abdullah, was nearing death. [137], According to human rights groups, arrests of human rights activists have risen under Mohammed bin Salman. Mohammad bin Salman is seen during the Arab Summit in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, May 31, 2019. [168][125][50] More than 50,000 children in Yemen died from starvation in 2017. 'Why Defendant bin Salman wants him dead' Al-Jabri … Secondo il piano questo permetterà all'economia del regno di diventare indipendente, entro il 2020, dalla produzione e dal prezzo del petrolio il cui calo negli ultimi mesi ha messo in difficoltà il bilancio pubblico. It details goals and measures in various fields, from developing non-oil revenues and privatisation of the economy to e-government and sustainable development. [18], Despite praise for his strides towards the social and economic liberalisation of Saudi Arabia, international commentators and human rights groups have been openly critical of bin Salman's leadership and the shortfalls of his reform program, citing a rising number of detentions and alleged torture of human rights activists,[19] the Saudi bombing campaign in Yemen which has exacerbated the humanitarian crisis and famine,[20] the escalation of the Qatar diplomatic crisis,[21] the start of the Lebanon–Saudi Arabia dispute, the start of a diplomatic spat with Canada, the arrest of members of the Saudi royal family in November 2017, a crackdown on feminists,[22][23][24] the hacking and blackmailing of The Washington Post owner and world's wealthiest person; Jeff Bezos, and the assassination of Jamal Khashoggi. Nella sessione del consiglio dei ministri del 26 aprile 2016 ha presentato un piano strategico elaborato dal Consiglio per gli affari economici e di sviluppo da lui guidato. [12] When Prince bin Salman announced an anti-terrorist military alliance of Islamic countries in December 2015, some of the countries involved said they had not been consulted. [109] Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud (Arabic: سلمان بن عبد العزیز آل سعود Salmān ibn ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Su‘ūd, Najdi Arabic pronunciation: [sælˈmæːn ben ˈʕæbd ælʕæˈziːz ʔæːl sæˈʕuːd]; born 31 December 1935) has been the King of Saudi Arabia and Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques since 23 January 2015.. [202] John Sawers, a former head of the British MI6, stated that in his judgment of the evidence it is "very likely" that Mohammed bin Salman ordered the killing of Khashoggi. Mohammed bin Salman believed that Hariri was in the pocket of Iran-backed Hezbollah, which is a major political force in Lebanon. [82][83] It has been heavily influenced by the views of his former adviser Saud al-Qahtani[84][85] and Abu Dhabi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Zayed. [106], A project to build Saudi Arabia’s first nuclear reactor was announced by bin Salman in November 2018. However, Western countries are not convinced and believe this couldn't have happened without the knowledge or approval of the prince. [25][26] He has been described by observers as an autocratic leader with no tolerance for dissent against him or the Saudi royal family. [18], Il primo grande evento che lo ha visto protagonista come ministro della difesa è stata l'Operazione Tempesta Decisiva, una campagna di bombardamenti contro i ribelli Huthi nello Yemen.[19]. [108], Mohammed bin Salman significantly restricted the powers of the religious police. American intelligence officials believe that "boss" was a reference to the crown prince. [97], Mohammed bin Salman took the leadership in the restructuring of Saudi Arabia's economy, which he officially announced in April 2016 when he introduced Vision 2030, the country's strategic orientation for the next 15 years. [133] The law will be effective by the end of August 2019. Western diplomats say that Mohammed bin Salman was strongly influenced by his Emirati counterpart, crown prince of Abu Dhabi Sheikh Mohammed bin Zayed. En 2017, la revista Forbes calculó su fortuna en 18.700 millones de dólares. She refused", "Saudi Prince Mohammed bin Salman has Western leaders very worried", "Mohammed bin Salman is on a make or break mission", "Yemen crisis: President resigns as rebels tighten hold", "Yemen on brink as Gulf Co-operation Council initiative fails", "US allies have killed thousands of Yemenis – including 22 at a wedding", "Saudi Arabia accused of Yemen war crimes as crown prince completes UK visit", "UN report into Saudi-led strikes in Yemen raises questions over UK role", Airstrikes hit Médecins Sans Frontières hospital in Yemen, "Saudi Arabia intercepts Houthi missile fired toward Riyadh; no reported casualties", "Over 130 civilians killed in 11 days in airstrikes in Yemen, reports UN rights office", "All sides in Yemen conflict could be guilty of war crimes, says UN", "The war in Yemen is disastrous. Seen by many as the power behind his ailing father’s throne, he has … [198], In October 2018, Jamal Khashoggi, a Saudi journalist and a critic of the crown prince, went missing after entering the Saudi consulate in Istanbul. Muhammad bin Salmán (arabsky محمد بن سلمان بن عبدالعزيز آل سعود ‎‎; * 31. srpna 1985 Džidda), zkráceně MbS, je od svého jmenování v červnu 2017 korunním princem Saúdské Arábie.